Whether you are a first-time Jack Russell Terrier owner or a long-time lover of this energetic and intelligent breed you may wonder what is normal for sleeping patterns and behaviors for your Jack Russell terrier. I did some research and reached out to other Jack Russell Terrier owners and this is what I found out.
Adult Jack Russell Terriers will sleep on average 12-14 hours a day. Jack Russell Terrier Puppies will sleep 18-20 hours a day in a 24hr period. How much your Jack Russell Terrier sleeps depends a lot on their personalities. Jack Russell Terriers also tend to develop sleep habits similar to their owners.
If you are fit and active your Jack Russell Terrier will be also if you are relaxed and laid-back chances are your Jack Russell Terrier will be similar to you. But how do you know if your Jack Russell Terrier is getting too little or too much of those precious zzzzzz’s? Continue reading to find out.
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How Much Sleep Do Jack Russell Terriers Need? Puppies, Adults, Seniors
Jack Russell Terrier Newborns
This stage of life is very short and full of lots of shut-eye! For the first week of their life, Jack Russell Terrier newborns will be sleeping anytime they aren’t nursing. Newborns generally nurse every 2 hours but even while doing so they will have their eyes shut and look as though they are eating in their sleep.
As they grow, they will slowly start to spend more time awake. Around 3 weeks old they will have around 2-4 hours of active time a day broken up into small spurts of energy and exploring their world.
Jack Russell Terrier Puppies
Puppies are quickly growing and changing. They need plenty of sleep to fuel and recharge their growing bodies. From 2-5 months old, Jack Russell Terrier puppies will generally sleep around 18-20 hours in a 24-hour period. This includes sleeping at night and daytime naps.
Your puppy will sleep in longer stretches at night but will still need to get up to relieve its small bladder and stretch. He may even have a burst of energy and seem like he wants to play. With some patience and guidance, your puppy can learn to sleep through the night by 4 months old, maybe even sooner.
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Older puppies from around 6-12 months old will sleep about 14-16 hours throughout a 24 hour period. At this point, they should be more active and inquisitive during the day and will be better about sleeping through the night in 6-9 hour stretches.
They will also take multiple naps during the day, as well as times of rest when they appear to be just lying around, but somewhat alert as well as high energy awake time when they will want to play and train.
When Will My Jack Russell Terrier Puppy Sleep Through the Night?
Jack Russell Terrier puppies will generally sleep through the night by about 4 months old, but it can range from 8 or 9 weeks old all the way through 6 months old. Some puppies may also go through a sleep regression when going through a growth spurt or teething.
There is a lot that you can do to nurture your puppy’s sleeping patterns and help them to sleep better at night. Towards the end of this article, we will discuss those in the heading sleep problems and solutions.
Fun Fact: Senior dogs, as well as puppies, tend to twitch more in their sleep! This is due to a part of their brain called the Pons which regulates muscles and keeps them still while they sleep. This part of a puppy’s brain is underdeveloped and for older dogs, it works less efficiently.
Jack Russell Terrier Adults
Your adult Jack Russell Terrier will normally sleep around 12-16 hours in a 24-hr period, but more as he ages. In this study, researchers found that older and middle-aged dogs slept more during the day than young adult dogs.
This was because they took more naps, not because their naps were longer. They tend to run out of energy and need to rest more often than the younger group. Older and middle-aged dogs also slept more at night than younger dogs because they had long stretches of sleep at night (waking up later) and woke up fewer times during the night.
It’s important to remember that this can greatly differ depending on the personality and temperament of each dog as well as the atmosphere/lifestyle of your home. When I asked Jack Russell Terrier owners what their Jack Russell Terrier behavior was like they covered all the ranges of this 12-16 hr span. A big factor was how active and attentive the owners were.
Jack Russell Terriers are somewhere in the middle of the energy scale when it comes to dog breeds in general. This means they should be content while playing and sleeping at a very even regular pace.
Some owners I talked to did say that their Jack Russell Terriers tend to sleep more when left home alone for long amounts of time, (like when their owner is at work). This is most likely because there is no one there to engage them with play or give them a reason to get up and move around. So, as you can see their sleep schedule greatly depend on the kinds of habits you develop for your dog.
Senior Jack Russell Terrier
Your Jack Russell is considered a senior sometime between 7 and 10 years old. At this time, you will probably start to see your dog slowly increasing the amount of time it is resting and sleeping.
It won’t happen all at once, but just like humans as they age, they tend to slow down and not have quite as much energy as a young pup. Senior Jack Russell Terriers will sleep 14-16 hrs a day on average as they get to be 10-14 years old and older, they could be sleeping up to 18 hrs a day.
At an older age, your Jack Russell Terrier sleep patterns may change as well. It’s normal for your Jack Russell Terrier to take more naps during the day and have a few wakeful periods at night. This change will probably happen slowly and should be nothing to worry about unless it’s a sudden or significant change.
If your Jack Russell Terrier has sudden or significant changes in their patterns of sleep, it’s best to consult your vet. For older Jack Russell Terriers, these could be signs of more serious issues such as dementia, arthritis, hypothyroidism, or other conditions associated with older age.
Your Jack Russell Terrier may be waking up more at night because its bladder is getting older and they need to use the potty more often. You can try and help with this by taking them out right before bed and limiting their water intake just before bed as well.
Why Does My Jack Russell Terrier Sleep So Much?
Many factors could contribute to your Jack Russell Terrier sleeping a lot. Puppies and senior dogs sleep more than adult Jack Russell Terriers. Stress, anxiety, boredom, diet, or disease can all be factors for why your dog is sleeping more than usual. In most cases, it is normal for dogs to sleep 12 or more hours a day.
If you are concerned about your Jack Russell Terrier’s sleeping patterns it is always a good idea to talk to your vet.
In most cases there is nothing to worry about if your dog sleeps quite a bit, however; if your dog’s sleeping patterns have changed dramatically in a short period of time then it could be a red flag that something more significant is happening.
Lethargy or a lack of energy and enthusiasm can be a sign that your dog is being affected by something more than just laziness or a bit tired. If this describes your dog, then definitely consult with your vet. Many diseases and age-related problems can come with a change in sleeping patterns.
Some dogs will sleep more in the wintertime because the days are shorter and colder. You can read this article I wrote to learn more about that.
If you think your dog is sleeping a lot because of boredom you can always make an effort to have more playtime and exercise sessions with your dog.
You could hire a dog walker (we have a neighborhood teen that loves to walk dogs for a very reasonable rate!)
Or join a fun program you can work on together like this popular brain training for dogs course!
Sleep Problems and Solutions for Jack Russell Terrier Puppies and Adults
If you are struggling with getting your Jack Russell Terrier to settle down and sleep at night you are not alone. Whether it’s the new puppy days, or you just moved, most owners go through this stage at some point.
Things that may be making this challenging can range from crying or whining at night, waking up in the middle of the night, struggling to settle down, or waking up too early in the morning.
Some dogs will start to sleep well through the night then a few weeks or months later start to wake up again. This is called a sleep regression and can be normal.
Like human babies when puppies are teething or going through growth spurts it could cause them to wake up at night or have difficulties sleeping.
Luckily there are some things that you can do to help your dog (as well as yourself) get the good night’s sleep you need.
- Have a routine and schedule:
If your Jack Russell Terrier knows what to expect and has specific cues to alert him that it’s time to wind down and get some shut-eye it can do a lot to help them easily get settled at night. This routine can include using the restroom, bringing the noise level down, dimming the light, creating a relaxing and calm atmosphere.
It’s important to keep this schedule as consistent as possible. Going to bed around the same time each night, and having set patterns will not only signal to your dog’s brain it’s time for bed, which will in turn help to increase the production of melatonin (your bodies powerful natural sleep aid) it can also help you fall asleep more easily as well.
- Give them plenty of exercise:
Even though your dog may be pretty chill Jack Russell Terriers need plenty of stimulation and exercise each day. If they have been bored and laying around all day chances for a good night’s rest are minimal. At least an hour a day for exercise should be set aside for your dog.
The best time for a good exercise session is about 2 hours before bedtime. Try to include high cardio exercise as well and engaging brain activities so that you Jack Russell Terrier will be both physically tired as well as mentally tired.
- Have a specific sleeping area and make it inviting:
Whether it’s in their crate in the living room, their doggy bed (Amazon affiliate link to a comfy warming bed) next to your bed on the floor, or even in your own bed. Having a designated area to go to will help create the routine and let your dog know that it’s sleep time. If your dog sleeps in his own bed, or in a crate, having something that smells like you and a small stuffed animal to snuggle with can help him feel more safe and secure. This is especially true for puppies.
- Try changing meal times or limiting food and water:
Take up their water after a certain time of the evening. If your Jack Russell Terrier seems to need a bathroom break in the middle of the night all the time you can try changing his meal time to be a few hours earlier (so he will get the poop out before bed) or a few hours later (so he can hold it until tomorrow).
You can also take up the water dish a few hours before bed so that he isn’t filling up his bladder just before dozing off.
Either way, you may want to slowly adjust the time of his meals to see if that will help with the late-night bathroom breaks.
- If early morning waking is a problem, try figuring out what it is that may be waking them up?
Is the sun coming up? Try adding some darkening curtains. Are there noises such as birds or early morning traffic? Try adding some white noise by using a noise machine like this one from Amazon. (Amazon affiliate link).
All it takes is some investigative work to try and figure out what may be causing the problem. It can be easier to do this if you keep a log or journal of your dog’s sleeping and eating patterns. This doesn’t have to be something that you do long-term, but just long enough for you to notice a pattern so you can address it.
Speaking of eating, if your Jack Russell Terrier eats strange things click here to read my latest article about Jack Russell Terrier’s health and what to do.
If nothing seems to be working, your dog has changed his sleep patterns suddenly, he seems very lethargic and low on energy all the time, or he has other symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea, blood in his stool, or other concerns then you should take him to the vet immediately to get checked out.
If you have a puppy and all its needs are met and it is still crying just remember it is common for it to whine and cry especially for the first week or so that you have him in your home. You can try a soothing stuffy like this one from Amazon (affiliate link).
An older dog who is new to your home may experience this as well. If you must check on him make sure that the lights stay dim, and you are as un-intrusive as you can be. If you are working with your puppy to sleep in their own bed or crate, make sure to not give in and then expect smooth sailing after that. You need to start the expectations as you mean to go forward.
Jack Russell Terrier Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Jack Russell Terriers may snore a bit more than other breeds. Their short noses can make breathing more difficult and can if left untreated lead to sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition where breathing repeatedly stops during sleep.
Sleep apnea can be dangerous for you Jack Russell terrier, but there are some things you can do to help prevent your Jack Russell Terrier from snoring.
- Make sure your dog maintains a healthy weight. Overweight dogs are more at risk for snoring.
- Keep your dogs bed washed and clean. This will help prevent build up of allergens.
- Get your dog an orthopedic bed with a side (Affiliate Link) on it so you can prop your dog up. Teach him to sleep that way.
- Make sure the room is not hot and stuffy.
- Use an air purifier (Affiliate Link) to filter airborne allergens. This can help add white noise for you as well if your dog sleeps in the same room as you.
- Try a cool mist humidifier.(Affiliate Link)
- Keep your dog’s water fresh and clean. Staying hydrated helps them have a moist nose that can help with better airflow.
- Watch for nasal discharge or other signs of infection.
- Make sure they have healthy teeth. A tooth infection can lead to an abscess that limits air flow.
- Get help from your vet.
Why Does My Jack Russell Terrier Like to Sleep Under the Covers?
Being under the covers provides your Jack Russell Terrier with a place that feels safe and secure like a small den. Combined with a Jack Russell Terrier’s instinctive burrowing behavior it will make him want to burrow under the covers to find a protected comfortable place to sleep.
In general, it is safe for your Jack Russell Terrier to sleep under the covers or under a blanket, but special care should be taken to make sure that he always has an escape route. Jack Russell Terriers can’t tolerate high body heat and can sometimes have a difficult time breathing. Keeping their face un-covered can help.
Where Should My Jack Russell Terrier Sleep?
Can Jack Russell Terriers Sleep Alone?
Your dog can sleep alone but being the social cuddly breed they are would much prefer to sleep with or near you.
Can Jack Russell Terriers Sleep Outside?
It is not recommended that Jack Russell Terriers sleep outside. Jack Russell Terries thrive on relationships and being close to their owners, sleeping outdoors can be lonely for this social breed. Their coats are also not thick enough to keep them very warm in cold temperatures.
Do Jack Russell Terriers Like to Sleep with You?
Jack Russell Terriers generally love to be close to their owners. They are very affectionate and cuddly and if allowed can enjoy sleeping in your bed next to you or in the same room as you at night. They tend to thrive on connection and will also likely follow you around the house during the day.
Should I Let My Jack Russell Terrier Sleep With Me?
There are a lot of great benefits you could get by letting your Jack Russell Terrier sleep with you. Here are some listed below.
- Eases stress and anxiety
- Extra warmth
- Greater security
- Morning cuddles and love
- Decreases loneliness
- Releases Oxytocin
- Helps you bond with your dog
- Makes your dog feel more secure
Dogs and humans have been sleeping together in some cultures for thousands of years, and for good reasons, just being close to your Jack Russell Terrier helps to increase your levels of Oxytocin (link to PubMed article) a powerful hormone that will help you unwind, destress, lower your heart rate and feel more relaxed. This is a perfect recipe for a great night’s sleep.
Research shows that dog owners who share special bonds with their dogs benefit greatly from mental health benefits such as lower blood pressure, decreased stress, less anxiety and depression, and overall better health.
Many Jack Russell Terrier owners choose to let their dogs sleep with them for many of these reasons.
There are however also reasons you should consider that may make you decide to not let your Jack Russell Terrier sleep with you. Here are some below.
- Sleep quality could be affected
- Could make allergies worse
- Possible transmission of disease
- Possibility of creating more separation anxiety
- Could make resource guarding worse
- Could make intimacy with your partner more challenging
Dog and Human sleep cycles can differ quite a bit. If you or your dog is a fitful light sleeper it could be difficult to get enough deep sleep if your dog is waking you up constantly. If you and your pooch are constantly battling it out then you will probably be better off with them in their own bed.
Even though everyone has their own opinion about why or why not their Jack Russell Terrier should sleep in bed with them ultimately you get to decide what’s best for you and your furry friend.
Why Does My Jack Russell Terrier Sleep Between My Legs?
Your dog is a pack animal and will sleep between your legs because you are part of his pack. Not only that but it is a warm safe place, he trusts you and wants to protect you. Unfortunately sleeping between your legs may also be a sign of separation anxiety.
Jack Russell Terrier Sleeping Positions and What they Mean
Curled up in a ball: I’m keeping warm and protecting myself. Dogs curl up in a ball as an instinct from their wild days when they needed to do so to protect their most vital organs and stay warm.
In My Favorite warm spot – Comfy and safe in my favorite warm sunny spot.
Cuddling a Friend – You are part of my pack. I feel better when you are here next to me!
Flat on their back with legs in the air – I feel completely comfortable with you and have no worries about being safe I know you will protect me!