Wet slobbery kisses from our sweet Jack Russell Terriers can be endearing, but when your sweet little pup licks non-stop it doesn’t seem to be as endearing as we thought. If you have a Jack Russell Terrier that seems obsessive about licking you, your furniture, its paws, or even the air then you probably know what I’m talking about.
The big question is…. Why do they do it!?
Jack Russell Terriers lick because of instinct, it can be a sign of affection, stress, boredom, or allergies. Licking can be soothing and therapeutic because it releases endorphins. Your Jack Russell Terrier may try to lick other dogs as a show of dominance, and they may lick you because they like the taste of salt on your skin.
So for the most part licking is normal, but when does it become abnormal and something to be concerned about? We will take a deeper look into this behavior but first I want to give you a quick overview of some of the main reasons and what can be done.
Here is a Quick Solution Guide to Solve Your Jack Russell Terrier Problematic Licking (Find more details below)
Reasons for Licking
Stressed or Anxious
Completely ignore / Redirect
Vet Checkup for underlying medical problems
Reasons Jack Russell Terrier Lick
There are a lot of different things your Jack Russell Terrier might be licking and many different reasons behind the behavior. It is up to you to notice patterns that develop in order to come to an understanding of what will help you find the solution to the problem.
Puppies start out at a young age learning to be licked.
Their mothers lick them to clean them, keep them warm, bond with them and help keep their den clean and free of disease.
As they grow with their siblings, licking each other is a way for them to communicate. In the wild dogs would lick their pack leader as a sign of submission and obedience to the leader or ‘Alpha’ dog.
This has been a deep genetic and instinctual pattern for dogs from their ancestral roots all the way to the domesticated days.
Why is my Jack Russell Terrier Licking its Paws?
There are several reasons that may cause your Jack Russell Terrier to lick its paws. The most common cause is allergies or irritation. Other reasons may be due to injuries, parasites, a skin condition called dermatitis (a result of bacterial problems), or food sensitivities.
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In order to understand why your Jack Russell Terrier is licking their paws, it may be helpful to follow these steps.
- Carefully inspect its feet for any signs of injury.
- Check for cuts, torn nails, thorns, or stings.
- If your Jack Russell is concentrating its licking to one spot in particular it could indicate an injury to that spot.
- Carefully check in between the pads of the paws as this can be an area where small pebbles or other items may get stuck.
- Check for Blisters or excessive red or hot spots.
If you notice any injury or inflammation to your pet’s paw you may want to have it checked out by your vet. A minor injury or abrasion could possibly be treated at home. Call your vet to find out the best course of action.
Step 2: If you have found no obvious signs of injury or abrasions on your dog’s paw.
- Think about where your Jack Russell has walked recently.
- Has your Jack Russell been walking on hot pavement?
- Has your Jack Russell been walking on salted sidewalks?
- Has your Jack Russell been walking on grass that has recently been sprayed with pesticides?
If the answer is yes to any of these questions then you will want to carefully clean your dog’s paws off and observe to see if the licking has stopped or not.
If the licking has not stopped then it will likely be due to stress, anxiety, boredom, or an allergy to its food.
Pro Tip: For a comprehensive guide all about your dog’s paws take a look at this article: Jack Russell Terrier Paws (Do they Have Webbed Feet?)
Your Jack Russell Terrier is licking because of Allergies
Allergies in your Jack Russell Terrier can come from several different sources. Your dog could have an allergy to chemicals used in or around your house and yard, or they could have an allergy to an ingredient in the food they are eating.
Even if your dog has been exposed to the supposed allergen many times before and never seemed to have a problem with it, it may not show up until they are older as some allergens take repeated exposure to start to show symptoms.
“Canine atopic dermatitis (allergic dermatitis, canine atopy) is an inherited predisposition to develop allergic symptoms following repeated exposure to some otherwise harmless substance, an “allergen”. Most dogs begin to show their allergic signs between 1 and 3 years of age.”See full article on Animal Med Center
Your Jack Russell Terrier may have developed an allergy to chemicals used in your yard like grass or weed killers, or any other harsh chemicals or products used in or around your home. Your dog may also have a severe reaction to fleas, or an overreaction to a common staph bacteria that is normal to be on your dog’s skin.
Your dog’s food could also be causing itchiness. Even if your dog has been eating the same food all its life, it is possible for there to be an ingredient in it that your dog has developed a sensitivity to over time.
Is your Jack Russell Terrier eating things that it shouldn’t? Check out this article, Why Does My Jack Russell Terrier Eat That? (Grass, Poop, Sticks, Dirt)
Some owners would suggest that you try a grain-free diet for your dog if he is itching a lot, but I would caution you that there have been studies shown linking this diet to heart problems. It’s best to talk to your vet to get safe recommendations tailored to your specific situation.
It can also be helpful to keep a bucket or bowl with water or something like this highly rated dog paw washer (affiliate link) next to your door to clean your dog’s paws off when they come in the house.
If your Jack Russell Terrier suffers from seasonal or airborne allergies then having a good air purifier (affiliate link) can help to remove allergens from the air.
Having filtered water can also help reduce the number of toxins your dog takes in. Not only can it help your dog, but it can also be really good for you. Even ‘filtered’ tap water can contain traces of chemicals or metals that can build up in our dogs and us and cause problems.
My family has this Berkey water filter, (affiliate link) and we love it for us and our little pooch!
Why Your Jack Russell Terrier Licks You
Your Jack Russell Terrier is showing you affection
When your Jack Russell Terrier licks you, he is showing you affection. This is probably the most common reason that we think about when wondering why our dogs lick us. It was also the most common answer I got from owners when I asked them for reasons why they thought their dog licked them.
Just like we give kisses as a show of affection our dogs give licks! It stems all the way back to their puppyhood.
Like we talked about earlier, mothers lick their puppies to show them love and affection so your dog has learned that this is one way to show you he loves and cares for you. When your Jack Russell Terrier licks you it could be a sign that he is trying to groom you, which is also a form of affection and care.
Your Jack Russell Terrier is submitting to You
Another reason your Jack Russell Terrier may lick your face is that he is trying to appease you and submit to your dominance over him. Dogs are pack creatures and will often greet members of their pack with a nice wet lick in the face. Their body position will be slightly lower than the pack leader and with this gesture, they are showing that they
Your Jack Russell Terrier may do this with another dog or pet in your house or when he just meets them if he has chosen to be submissive to that animal’s dominance over him.
Your Jack Russell Terrier Wants Your Attention
Jack Russell Terriers were made for companionship. They love to stare at you, play with you, and generally be with you all day if you let them. There are a lot of ways your Jack Russell Terrier will try to get your attention such as whining, barking, staring at, or licking you. One of the more subtle ways for him to get your attention and probably less annoying than barking or crying is to lick you.
Your Jack Russell Terrier is trying to tell you something, he may lick you as a sign that he wants something. That something could be as simple as to say he loves you, or it could mean that he’s hungry, needs to go to the bathroom, or wants you to play.
Either way, we need to work on getting good at reading our dog’s body language so that we can understand them better and provide for their needs accordingly.
If you respond to your Jack Russell Terriers licking by patting his head, giving him a cuddle, or talking sweet calming words then his way of getting your attention by licking you worked!
This will reinforce this behavior and he will continue to do it. If you find this behavior annoying and want them to stop licking you to get your attention then ignoring them is your best step forward.
Decide if you should reward his licking behavior with attention or not. If you don’t like it and want it to stop, then ignore and redirect. If you don’t mind it or want to encourage your dog to continue to get your attention by licking them reward them with your attention.
Your Jack Russell Terrier is Bored
A bored dog will do what it can to find a way to entertain itself.
If they don’t have much to do they can be pretty creative in finding something to keep their minds occupied, and that can include some heavy-duty licking!
If you have noticed your Jack Russell Terrier randomly licking your furniture, the walls, your floors, or other strange things it’s possible that they are bored and need some mental stimulation.
Channeling that boredom into something more constructive will help to release some energy and create those feel-good endorphins your dog is trying to create by licking.
Working on training together or taking an extra walk sometime in your day may just be the thing your dog needs to get him focused on something else.
This widely popular program has helped a lot of owners bond with their dogs and creates better behavior and habits to replace the not-so-great ones including obsessive licking. Here’s the link in case you are interested.
A lot of owners have also had great success with getting something like this lick mat or snuffle mat (affiliate link). This will give them something to lick on that won’t leave a yucky film of slobber all over your floors and furniture.
Your Jack Russell Terrier is Stressed or Anxious
You will be able to tell if your Jack Russell Terrier is stressed by paying close attention to his body language. If you notice your dog has whale eyes (wide eyes where you can see the white part), tucked ears, tucked tail, and a lot of lip-licking this is is a sign of stress. Your Jack Russell Terrier may start to lick as a coping mechanism in order to calm himself down.
Licking can be very self-soothing to dogs, it releases chemicals called endorphins that trigger a positive feeling and lowers stress.
Some dog owners told me that their dogs like to lick themselves before curling up in a ball to go to sleep it was somewhat of a ritual to them and it seemed to help them calm and fall asleep more quickly. Licking may also remind them of when they were young and their mother licked them a lot. It brings them to a place of comfort and calm.
Some dogs have specific triggers that cause them stress and anxiety, so if you are able to pinpoint the stress trigger then getting to the root of that problem and trying to fix it is the best long-term plan for your pup.
For example, if your dog always starts licking at a certain time of day, try to figure out what is happening at that time of day that is stressing him out. Is it when the mail delivery comes, or when traffic gets louder outside? If so work on solutions to help address these fears in your dog.
Licking Tastes Good
This one is pretty self-explanatory. If something smells yummy your dog is going to lick it to see how it tastes. Much of their random licking of the floor or furniture can be explained by some sweet-smelling something that spilled there last week?
If your Jack Russell Terrier is licking you a lot he also probably likes the taste of salt from your skin. Your smell and taste are unique to you and licking you can help cement that into your Jack Russell Terrier mind which will build a stronger bond between you both.
Something Hurts or Itches
If your Jack Russell Terrier is licking himself a lot he may be trying to self-groom, or it could be a sign of allergies or a sore or wound.
Jack Russell Terrier Wound Care:
When your dog gets hurt its instinct will be to lick the wound. Licking does a few things for their wounds, the warmth and moistness of their tounges can help to make the pain lessen, and their saliva may also help to clean the area and have some healing capacity.
There is a belief that dog saliva can heal wounds, which dates back to Egyptian times. Studies have found that while this is mostly true it’s not sufficient enough to actually heal wounds.
Most veterinarians and experts agree that you should not allow your dog to lick its wounds. While licking their wounds may initially get rid of debris and dirt continued licking will cause irritation to the wound which can reopen it and not allow it to heal properly.
There are also other germs and bacteria in your dog’s saliva that will do more harm than good and could cause an infection.
If your dog has a wound please take them to your vet to get a thorough check done. Your vet may suggest something like this cone (Amazon affiliate link) to keep your dog from licking its wound so it can properly heal.
If Your Jack Russell Terrier is Obsessive About Licking
If your Jack Russell Terrier is obsessively licking you will want to do your best to figure out why and do what you can to correct the problem.
Your Jack Russell Terrier licking is considered obsessive when they continue to do it for a long period of time (more than 5-10 minutes), and they repeatedly do it throughout the day.
If when you distract your Jack Russell Terrier from their licking they just go right back to it after a few minutes, they are constantly licking all day, they are licking themselves and leaving patches of raw skin, then it could be considered a compulsive problem for your dog.
One of the dangers of obsessive licking is the possibility of it causing a lick granuloma, also known as acral lick dermatitis.
This is a skin disorder caused by the constant licking of one area to the point that it becomes swollen red and may even bleed.
Lick granulomas are especially seen in active dogs left alone for long periods of time.
Added to the reasons we already talked about above a few other things that could be causing your Jack Russell Terrier to lick obsessively is dry skin.
A variety of things, including dry winter weather and fatty acid deficiencies, can cause dry skin in dogs. Your dog may scratch or lick their fur or skin so much that it starts to get red and raw and they may lose hair and have bald patches.
Hormonal imbalances can also cause problems. If your Jack Russell Terrier body is not producing enough thyroid hormone or putting out too much of the hormone cortisol, superficial skin infections can occur. You might start to see bald spots, and your dog may scratch or lick as if bothered by allergies.
Obsessive licking is more than just licking out of affection and boredom. If not addressed it can cause your dog to be compulsive about it and may keep them in an anxious stressed state.
If you suspect your dog has obsessive licking and it is lowering its quality of life, it’s best to work with a vet and a behaviorist. To give you an idea of what your vet may do, they may offer some medications such as over-the-counter Benadryl, or prescribe something stronger. Your vet will know if your dog needs to be treated with an ointment, antibiotics, or medicated shampoo to treat fungal and yeast infections.
Why Does My Jack Russell Terrier Lick the Air?
Your Jack Russell Terrier might be licking the air if he is hungry, excited, has a dry mouth, or has been fed something sticky such as peanut butter. A Jack Russell Terrier that licks the air constantly may have a compulsive disorder, or it could be a habit due to anxiety.
If you are about to feed your cute little dog their meal he may be licking out of excitement. The anticipation of a delicious feast can trigger digestive enzymes that cause your dog to salivate and lick.
There may also be a strong scent in the air that your dog is trying to get a better whiff of that will cause your Jack Russell Terrier to start licking more.
If your dog is obsessively licking the air it could be due to stress or anxiety. Try to notice what circumstances trigger your dog to lick and see if there is anything you can do to lessen the stressor for your dog. If the problem persists you will want to reach out to your vet.
Why is My Jack Russell Terrier Always Licking His Lips?
Jack Russell Terriers can be very sensitive. If you notice your dog licking its lips a lot it usually means that they are worried, frustrated, anxious, nauseous, or confused. This licking lip behavior is happening when a dog is trying to appease or soothe a person or animal they see as a threat to try and ward off aggression.
I noticed that my dog Bear started to lick and smack his lips a lot after he was neutered. He had some complications and was also on some medication that made him feel nauseous. After he finished his medication and was healed the lip-licking lessened and went away.
Why is My Jack Russell Terrier Licking its Bum, or Underside so Much?
It’s normal for your Jack Russell Terrier to lick itself in the private region as that is a way for it to clean itself, but if the licking is excessive then he is trying to tell you that something hurts or itches.
If your Jack Russell Terrier is licking its butt then it may have swollen anal glands that need to be expressed. It is common in dogs for their anal sacs to become impacted (plugged) usually due to inflammation of the ducts. The secretion within the impacted sacs will thicken and the sacs will become swollen and distended. It is then painful for your dog to pass feces.
If this happens then you can have your vet or your groomer express the anal glands and that will usually resolve the problem as well as the licking.
If your dog is still licking then it may be a sign of infection.
Why Does My Jack Russell Terrier Lick Me in the Face, and Should I Allow it?
Dogs love to lick you as a way of showing affection that’s very true, but there may be a darker side to why your dog wants to lick your face.
The face-licking behavior goes back to before dogs were domesticated and they would lick the mouths of adult dogs to prompt the regurgitation of partially digested food. This is how puppies transition from suckling their mother’s milk to eating partially digested food to more solid food.
This is not to say that your dog expects you to give her some partially chewed food when she licks your face, but if you are trying to eat something and your dog all of a sudden attacks you with licks this would explain that!
Most of the time your dog will try and lick you on the face when they are excited and want to show you affection.
For most healthy people getting licked by your dog will not cause any problems, but dogs do harbor certain germs and bacteria that could be harmful to some.
“When dog saliva touches intact human skin, especially in a healthy person, it is extremely unlikely to cause any problems, as there will be very little absorption through the skin,” (See full article from the New York Times)Dr. Leni K. Kaplan at Cornell University’s College of Veterinary Medicine told the New York Times
If you think about some of the behaviors of your dog like licking their bottoms or eating nasty things including their own poop (If your Jack Russell Terrier eats strange things this article I wrote is a must-read!!) then its no wonder that they harbor a lot of bacteria and germs in their mouths.
Many medical professionals as well as vets recommend that you avoid letting your dog lick your mouth, eyes, nose, or any open wound as this is more likely to cause an infection or illness. If you enjoy the doggy kisses a good alternative is to let your dog lick your neck and then clean it off afterward.
If you prefer your dog to not lick you then distracting them with another behavior like petting or playing and rewarding them for that will reinforce them to choose that behavior as a form of affection rather than the licking. Just remember that for some dogs who have a very strong instinct to lick, it may take some time and patience to consistently get them to redirect.